Tracker is implemented on top of SQLite, and all of its benefits and limits apply. This document will break down how those limits apply to Tracker. Depending on your distributor, the limits might be changed via SQLite build-time options.

Maximum string length

Tracker can store by default up to 1 GiB in a text field by default. This limit is controlled by SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH

Maximum number of properties and select columns

The maximum amount of properties in the domain of a single class, and the maximum number of global fulltext-search properties in the ontology are limited by SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN (defaults to 2000).

Each column in the result set of a SELECT query contains additional information included as an additional column, so the limit of columns that can be retrieved in a single SELECT query is effectively half of SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN (1000 with the default settings).

Underlying parser limits

SQLite defines some limits to its parser. Maximum query length is 1 MiB, its maximum expression tree depth is 1000, and it allows up to 500 elements in UNION / INTERSECT / EXCEPT statements.

There is no straightforward relation between the SPARQL query and the SQL one, so it is undefined how this limit applies to SPARQL queries. Query and ontology simplifications may help reduce its likelyhood.

These SQLite limits are controlled by SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH, SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH and SQLITE_MAX_COMPOUND_SELECT. The SPARQL parser is not affected in itself by these limits.

Maximum number of tables in a JOIN

SQLite does not allow Join operations containing more than 64 tables. This limit may impact complex Tracker queries in various ways, most likely culprits are operations across the whole union graph, and access to multi-valued properties.

Such queries can be tweaked (e.g. specifying a graph, or reducing the amount of accessed properties) or split into multiple ones to bypass this limit.

Maximum number or arguments in a function

SQLite defines a limit of 100, controlled by SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG. This affects all builtin and extra functions with variable arguments, e.g. coalesce.

Limits on the number of graphs

SQLite has a limit on the number of databases that can be attached, defined by SQLITE_MAX_LIMIT_ATTACHED (defaults to 10, maximum 128).

Tracker uses attached databases to implement its support for multiple graphs, so the maximum amount of graphs for a given TrackerSparqlConnection is equally restricted.

SQLite defines a maximum length of 50 KiB for GLOB patterns. This reflects in CONTAINS / STRSTARTS / STRENDS. SPARQL syntax.

Limits on the number of parameters in a statement

SQLite defines a maximum of 999 parameters to be passed as arguments to a statement, controlled by SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER. TrackerSparqlStatement has the same limit.

Maximum number of pages in a database

SQLite sets a default restriction of 1073741823 pages to database file size (about 8 TB with Tracker settings). This limit applies per graph.

Type formats and precision

Integers are 64 bit wide. Floating point numbers have IEEE764 double precision. Dates/times have microsecond precision, and may range between 0001-01-01 00:00:00 and 9999-12-31 23:59:59.

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