Class

Gtk.Application

Description [src]

class Gtk.Application : Gio.Application {
  parent_instance: GApplication
}

GtkApplication is a high-level API for writing applications.

It supports many aspects of writing a GTK application in a convenient fashion, without enforcing a one-size-fits-all model.

Currently, GtkApplication handles GTK initialization, application uniqueness, session management, provides some basic scriptability and desktop shell integration by exporting actions and menus and manages a list of toplevel windows whose life-cycle is automatically tied to the life-cycle of your application.

While GtkApplication works fine with plain GtkWindows, it is recommended to use it together with GtkApplicationWindow.

Automatic resources

GtkApplication will automatically load menus from the GtkBuilder resource located at “gtk/menus.ui”, relative to the application’s resource base path (see g_application_set_resource_base_path()). The menu with the ID “menubar” is taken as the application’s menubar. Additional menus (most interesting submenus) can be named and accessed via gtk_application_get_menu_by_id() which allows for dynamic population of a part of the menu structure.

It is also possible to provide the menubar manually using gtk_application_set_menubar().

GtkApplication will also automatically setup an icon search path for the default icon theme by appending “icons” to the resource base path. This allows your application to easily store its icons as resources. See gtk_icon_theme_add_resource_path() for more information.

If there is a resource located at “gtk/help-overlay.ui” which defines a GtkShortcutsWindow with ID “help_overlay” then GtkApplication associates an instance of this shortcuts window with each GtkApplicationWindow and sets up the keyboard accelerator Control+? to open it. To create a menu item that displays the shortcuts window, associate the item with the action win.show-help-overlay.

A simple application

A simple example is available in the GTK source code repository

GtkApplication optionally registers with a session manager of the users session (if you set the GtkApplication:register-session property) and offers various functionality related to the session life-cycle.

An application can block various ways to end the session with the gtk_application_inhibit() function. Typical use cases for this kind of inhibiting are long-running, uninterruptible operations, such as burning a CD or performing a disk backup. The session manager may not honor the inhibitor, but it can be expected to inform the user about the negative consequences of ending the session while inhibitors are present.

See Also

HowDoI: Using GtkApplication, Getting Started with GTK: Basics

Hierarchy

hierarchy this GtkApplication implements_0 GActionGroup this--implements_0 implements_1 GActionMap this--implements_1 ancestor_0 GApplication ancestor_0--this ancestor_1 GObject ancestor_1--ancestor_0

Ancestors

  • GApplication
  • GObject

Implements

  • GActionGroup
  • GActionMap

Constructors

gtk_application_new

Creates a new GtkApplication instance.

Instance methods

gtk_application_add_window

Adds a window to application.

gtk_application_get_accels_for_action

Gets the accelerators that are currently associated with the given action.

gtk_application_get_actions_for_accel

Returns the list of actions (possibly empty) that accel maps to.

gtk_application_get_active_window

Gets the “active” window for the application.

gtk_application_get_menu_by_id

Gets a menu from automatically loaded resources.

gtk_application_get_menubar

Returns the menu model that has been set with gtk_application_set_menubar().

gtk_application_get_window_by_id

Returns the GtkApplicationWindow with the given ID.

gtk_application_get_windows

Gets a list of the GtkWindow instances associated with application.

gtk_application_inhibit

Inform the session manager that certain types of actions should be inhibited.

gtk_application_list_action_descriptions

Lists the detailed action names which have associated accelerators.

gtk_application_remove_window

Remove a window from application.

gtk_application_set_accels_for_action

Sets zero or more keyboard accelerators that will trigger the given action.

gtk_application_set_menubar

Sets or unsets the menubar for windows of application.

gtk_application_uninhibit

Removes an inhibitor that has been previously established.

Properties

Gtk.Application:active-window

The currently focused window of the application.

Gtk.Application:menubar

The GMenuModel to be used for the application’s menu bar.

Gtk.Application:register-session

Set this property to TRUE to register with the session manager.

Gtk.Application:screensaver-active

This property is TRUE if GTK believes that the screensaver is currently active.

Signals

Gtk.Application::query-end

Emitted when the session manager is about to end the session.

Gtk.Application::window-added

Emitted when a GtkWindow is added to application through gtk_application_add_window().

Gtk.Application::window-removed

Emitted when a GtkWindow is removed from application.

Class structure

struct GtkApplicationClass {
  GApplicationClass parent_class;
  void (* window_added) (
    GtkApplication* application,
    GtkWindow* window
  );
  void (* window_removed) (
    GtkApplication* application,
    GtkWindow* window
  );
  
}
Class members
parent_class
GApplicationClass
 

The parent class.

window_added
void (* window_added) (
    GtkApplication* application,
    GtkWindow* window
  )
  No description available.
window_removed
void (* window_removed) (
    GtkApplication* application,
    GtkWindow* window
  )
  No description available.

Virtual methods

Gtk.ApplicationClass.window_added
No description available.
Gtk.ApplicationClass.window_removed
No description available.